THE USE OF ALTERNATIVE METHODS OF EDUCATIONAL-LABORATORY RESEARCHES IN THE GENERAL PHYSICS COURSE FOR ENGINEERING AND TECHNICAL SPECIALISTS TRAINING IN THE FIELD OF MECHANICS

V. G. Taran, S. V. Hubarev, T. V. Kalinina, K. A. Mikita

Abstract


The development of a modern methodology of physics studying for technical students on the basis of a competent approach is a complex problem and in the conditions of science-intensive production depends on the systematic and methodical feasibility of the various forms use and means of training. For effective professional activity in any field of high-tech production, it is necessary not only have a sufficient amount of fundamental knowledge and a deep understanding of the main point of nature physical processes, but most importantly, analytical creative thinking, which is formed during the process of independent study of problem physical tasks in a laboratory practice.

Relying on the many years of experience in using the training-laboratory practice in the department of physics at DSTU, we consider it advisable to implement variation laboratory works containing a complex of alternative experimental studies of physical quantities appearing in various physical phenomena and laws for the effective formation of professional competencies and creative abilities of students. In this paper, an example of determining the stiffness coefficient of springs is considered, which is actual for undergraduate mechanical students. Alternative variants of laboratory methods for studying power and force characteristics of spiral springs on the examples of various physical processes of practical application have been considered. The possibilities of experimental determination of the stiffness coefficient of springs on the basis of energy conservation law, when used as a catapult, have been investigated.

The laboratory method for elastic characteristics determination on the example of dying oscillations of one-dimensional spring pendulum, which takes into account both the real period of oscillations and the decreasing decrement, has been developed and clearly grounded. The method of stiffness coefficient determination in the study of rotational oscillations of a massive disk on a spring fastening has also been substantiated.


Keywords


professional competence; teaching methods; laboratory practice; oscillatory and rotational movement

References


Пономаренко Е.В. Анализ современного состояния методики преподавания физики в высшей школе: компетентностный подход. Международный журнал эксперимен-тального образования, 2013. №10. С.221-225.

Зеер Э.Ф. Модернизация профессионального образования: компетентностный под-ход. М.: Изд. Моск. психол.-соц. ин-та, 2005. 215с.

Зеер Э.Ф., Павлова А.М., Симанюк Э.Э. Компетентностный подход к образованию. Образование и наука, 2005. № 3(33). С.27-40.

Дорофеев А. Профессиональная компетентность как показатель качества образова-ния. Высшее образование в России, 2005. № 4. С.30-34.

Рижкова М.Н., Павлова С.М. Разработка программ курса физики с учетом направле-ния подготовки студентов в техническом ВУЗе. Международный журнал экспери-ментального образования, 2013. №10. С.215-220.

Гуляєва Л.В., Гуляєва Т.В. Компетентнісно-орієнтовані фізичні завдання з фізики: теоретичний аспект. Наукові записки. Серія: Проблеми методики фізико-математичної і технологічної освіти. Кіровоград: РВВ КДПУ ім. В.Винниченка, 2016. Вип. 9, ч.1. С.87-95.

Гуляєва Л.В. Дидактичні аспекти фізико-технічної підготовки майбутніх інженерів у технічному університеті. Збірник наукових праць БДПУ, 2016. № 9. С.30-35.

Савельев И.В. Курс общей физики. Т.1. М.: Наука, 1978. 510с.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31319/2519-2884.35.2019.61

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 V. G. Taran, S. V. Hubarev, T. V. Kalinina, K. A. Mikita

ISSN (print) 2519-2884

ISSN (online) 2617-8389