IMPROVING THE TECHNOLOGY OF GROWING PERSACE AND RIPA WITH APPLICATION OF BIOORGANIC BENEFITS

I. M. Kornienko, V. M. Gulyaev, A. T. Lashkova, O. S. Kryvonos, Y. O. Lukovkina

Abstract


The city ofKamianskebelongs to one of the industrial regions ofUkraine. The whole soil is contaminated with metal compounds, cement dust and chemicals. Therefore, it is necessary to use the bacterial drug «Albobacterin» for the agricultural needs ofUkrainefor the enrichment of soils with nutrients, especially phosphorus compounds.

«Albobacterin» – biopreparation is used for the bacteritisation of spring and winter rape seeds in order to improve phosphorus nutrition of plants, protection against phytopathogenic fungi and increase productivity.

The nature of the biological action of the drug. The mechanism of action of the drug is related to the property of the bacteria Achromobacteralbum1122 to produce organic acids and enzyme phosphatase, which provides the dissolution of hard-soluble mineral and organic phosphates of the soil, resulting in plants in the process of their development receive additional nutrition with phosphorus from the soil reserves, as well as produce plant growth regulators and vitamins Group B. A.album.1122 bacteria are resistant to a number of pesticides that are used in rape growing technologies.

Thus, for the cultivation of «Alborbacterin» rape, the fertilizer is 7% more efficient. For cultivation of pepper «Albobacterin» more efficient mineral fertilizers by 46%. According to the results of qualitative soil indicators in Kamianske, low efficiency of their self-healing is determined, which directly influences the yield of agricultural crops. Based on experimental data, it is necessary to use an additional source of biogenic elements contained in the recommended types of fertilizers.

Keywords


soils; biopreparation; mineral fertilizers; phosphates; efficiency

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31319/2519-2884.34.2019.23

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Copyright (c) 2019 I. M. Kornienko, V. M. Gulyaev, A. T. Lashkova, O. S. Kryvonos, Y. O. Lukovkina

ISSN (print) 2519-2884

ISSN (online) 2617-8389