THE INVESTIGATION OF THE EMISSIONS INFLUENCE FROM INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES ON POLLUTION OF ATMOSPHERIC AIR IN THE ZAVODSKYI DISTRICT OF ZAPORIZHZHYA

K. V. Belokon

Abstract


The city ofZaporizhzhyais one of the most technologically developed cities ofUkrainewith significant scientific and technical and production potential. The basis of the city's industry is a metallurgical complex, which has a great influence on the state of atmospheric air. This problem is especially acute in the Zavodskyi district of Zaporizhzhya with a significant concentration of enterprises of ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, which inevitably emphasizes the urgency of the decision of health care issues of the population living in the area.

The article is devoted to the estimation of risk for population health from emissions of the industrial enterprises in the Zavodskyi district of Zaporizhzhya. As part of the stationary source’s emissions of industrial enterprises, there are various chemical compounds, of which the most common are dust, sulfur compounds, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, phenol, sulfuretted hydrogen, and others. Getting them into the human body leads to deterioration of health, damage to organs and systems, the emergence of chronic diseases.

The values of the risk factors for inhalation exposure exceed the permissible level for sulfuretted hydrogen, phenol, formaldehyde, carbon bisulfide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dio-xide, suspended solids, ammonia in the Zavodsky district. They are at medium and high le-vels, indicating that there is a risk of adverse effects in most of the population.

It was established as a result of research, that in the majority of the population of the Zavodskyi district of Zaporizhzhya there is possibility to get respiratory organs diseases, organs of vision diseases, circulatory, cardiovascular and central nervous systems diseases, congenital defects of development at acute inhalation effects.

Keywords


pollutants; risk assessment; atmosphere air; pollution; inhabitants health risk; concentration; dose; diseases

References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31319/2519-2884.33.2018.206

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Copyright (c) 2019 K. V. Belokon

ISSN (print) 2519-2884

ISSN (online) 2617-8389